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Table 1 Summary of the physical characteristics of the nanoparticles used in the present study

From: Assessment of changes in autophagic vesicles in human immune cell lines exposed to nano particles

Designation Size (nm) Zeta potential (mV) Stabiliser Surface groups Source
Polystyrene 180+ 180 52.2 N/A Quaternary ammonium Sciventions
Polystyrene 180− 180 − 40.9 N/A Sulphonate Sciventions
Polystyrene 275+ 275 42.2 N/A Quaternary ammonium Sciventions
Polystyrene 300– 300 − 37.2 N/A Sulphonate Sciventions
Polystyrene 440+ 440 39.2 N/A Quaternary ammonium Sciventions
Polystyrene 440− 440 − 34.9 N/A Sulphonate Sciventions
Gold 10− 10 N/A Sodium citrate N/A BBInternational
Gold 11 – 11 N/A N/A HS-PEG and peptidols University of Liverpool [49]
Silver 10− 10 − 39.0 Sodium polyacrylate N/A Sciventions
Silver 20+ 20 N/A Sodium citrate N/A Sigma-Aldrich
Endorem 5 – 6.8 Sodium citrate Mannitol Guerbet GmbH
Ferumoxytol 30 − 30.6 N/A Carboxyl AMAG Pharmaceuticals
DEAE-Dex SPION 6.9 20.2 N/A Diethylaminoethyl dextran University of Liverpool [50]
Titanium (IV) oxide 21+ 21 N/A N/A N/A Sigma-Aldrich
Zinc oxide 35+ 35 N/A 3-Aminopropyl triethoxysilane N/A Sigma-Aldrich
Zinc oxide 50+ 50 N/A N/A N/A Sigma-Aldrich
Zinc oxide 100+ 100 N/A N/A N/A Sigma-Aldrich
Silica 50- 50 − 34.7 l-arginine N/A Sciventions
Silica 310– 310 − 37.1 l-arginine N/A Sciventions
Silica 100+ 100 N/A N/A N/A Invivogen