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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of patients and newborns

From: Upregulation of IL-15 in the placenta alters trophoblasts behavior contributing to gestational diabetes mellitus

  Normoglycemic group(n = 20) GDM group (n = 20)
Maternal variables
 Age (years) 31.7 ± 1.284 (24–43) 33.2 ± 1.102 (26–43)
 Height (m) 1.609 ± 0.01 (1.55–1.73) 1.592 ± 0.01 (1.5–1.67)
 Pre-pregnancy weight (kg) 56.28 ± 1.471 (45–68.5) 54.18 ± 1.437 (45–65)
 Pre-pregnancy BMI (kg/m2) 21.79 ± 0.6428 (17.625–27.038) 21.4 ± 0.5599 (17.928–28)
 Delivery weight (kg) 70.4 ± 1.325(61–80) 67.5 ± 1.978(51.5–85)
 Delivery BMI (kg/m2) 27.25 ± 0.5743 (22.862–32.466) 26.65 ± 0.7427 (21.4–31.992)
 Fasting blood glucose before delivery (mmol/l) 4.561 ± 0.1175 (3.78–5.31) 5.586 ± 0.1853 (4.23–6.34)***
OGTT at mid gestation (mmol/l)
 0 h 4.623 ± 0.0604 (3.86–5) 5.244 ± 0.1125 (4.22–6.21)***
 1 h 8.31 ± 0.2403 (5.94–9.8) 10.41 ± 0.4141 (7.49–13.04)***
 2 h 7.288 ± 0.1757 (5.41–8.44) 9.194 ± 0.3636 (6.44–13.42)***
 Gestational age at delivery (weeks) 39.5 ± 0.1866(38.2–41) 38.5 ± 0.3258 (34–41.2)*
 Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 124 ± 2.237 (106–138) 127 ± 1.752 (108–138)
 Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 74 ± 1.338 (62–86) 77 ± 1.477 (66–89)
Newborn variables
 Fetal sex (%male) 55% 45%
 Fetal weight (g) 3492 ± 71.94 (2900–4100) 3598 ± 99.24 (2450–4300)
 Placental weight (g) 553.3 ± 6.789 (520–665) 574.5 ± 5.501 (525–680)
  1. Data are presented as mean ± SEM (range). All pregnancies were singleton, normotensive, nonsmoking, not alcohol or drug consuming, and without intrauterine infection or any other medical or obstetrical complications except GDM. OGTT glucose measure was 2-h post glucose challenge (75 g). *P < 0.05 vs normal. ***P < 0.001 vs normal