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Table 1 Etiology of ALF

From: Perspective of placenta derived mesenchymal stem cells in acute liver failure

Other etiologies of ALF

The most common global agents of ALF

Hypoxia-induced liver injury

Acute Budd-Chiari Syndrome

Veno-occlusive Disease

Wilson’s disease

Mushroom Ingestion


Autoimmune hepatitis

Acute fatty liver of pregnancy

HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelet) syndrome

Heat stroke

Malignant infiltration of the liver

Viral hepatitis

Drug-induced hepatitis