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Figure 4 | Cell & Bioscience

Figure 4

From: Diabetic macular edema: new concepts in patho-physiology and treatment

Figure 4

Treatment strategies for diabetic macular edema. Strict blood glucose, lipid and blood pressure control is critical for prevention and treatment of DME. According to the recommendations of the American Diabetes Association, HbA1C should be controlled at 6.5-7% and blood pressure should be below 130/85 mmHg, with total lipids lower than 100 mg/dL. Local treatments for eyes with DME include laser photocoagulation, vitrectomy surgery, and intravitreal injection of drugs (glucocorticoid hormone, anti-VEGF agents and PKC inhibitors).

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